Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

ADAPTATION OF THE ABQ FOR THE BURNOUT MEASUREMENT IN COLOMBIAN ATHLETES

Abstract

Constantino Arce Fernández, Cristina De Francisco Palacios, Elena María Andrade Fernández, María José Ferraces Otero y Thomas D. Raedeke

The Athlete Burnout Questionnaire is the instrument more widely used for the measurement of burnout in athletes. It was developed by Raedeke and Smith (2001, 2009) for the evaluation of the three subscales that compose the syndrome: emotional/ physical exhaustion, reduced sense of accomplishment and devaluation of the sport practice. The purpose of this study was to validate the Spanish version of the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) in sports Colombian context. This version was showed good psychometric properties in preview study (Arce, De Francisco, Andrade, Arce and Raedeke, 2010). So, it was considered appropriate for this present work. The instrument was applied to a sample of 493 Colombian athletes of both sexes aged 13-29 years old. Successive confirmatory factory analysis successfully replicated the Spanish version of the ABQ. The model’s global fit indices were good: the value of the quotient between the statistical chisquare (176.46) and its degrees of freedom (85) was of 2.07, GFI and CFI reached a value of .95 and NNFI showed a value of .94. The values of RMSEA and SRMR were of .05. All factorial loads were significant. The reliability of the questionnaire measured with Alpha of Cronbach, showed values between .55 and .75. With regard to future studies, it would be interesting a comparative study between the psychometric characteristics of the data collected in a Colombian sample and a Spanish sample.

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