Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

COACH INTERPERSONAL STYLE, BASIC PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS AND MOTIVATION: A STUDY IN MEXICAN COLLEGE FOOTBALL PLAYERS

Abstract

Abril Cantú-Berrueto1, Isabel Castillo2, Jeanette López-Walle1, José Tristán1 e Isabel Balaguer 2

Grounded in the framework of self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000) the aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between coaches’ interpersonal style (autonomy supportive and controlling), psychological need satisfaction/thwarting and motivation in 550 footballers (Men = 278, Women = 254; Mage = 21.43; SD = 1.97). Results showed that perceptions of autonomy support positively predicted basic psychological needs and the needs for relatedness and autonomy positively predicted autonomous motivation. In contrast, perceptions of a controlling interpersonal coaching style were a positive predictor of need thwarting for competence, autonomy and relatedness which in turn positively predicted amotivation. Our findings emphasize the importance of promoting autonomy supportive environment to facilitate players’ quality of motivation and avoid controlling environment.

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