Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

MEASUREMENT OF THE BURNOUT SYNDROME IN ATHLETES: A MULTIDIMENSIONAL PERSPECTIVE

Abstract

Cristina De Francisco, Enrique J. Garcés de Los Fayos y Constantino Arce

The aim of this work is to compare two instruments of measurement of burnout in athletes: Inventario de Burnout en Deportistas-Revisado (IBD-R) and the Spanish version of Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ). Both measurement models assume a three-dimensional composition of burnout syndrome, that is allegedly parallel. The analyses of correlations between scales, supposedly equivalent, allows us to conclude that there is only a good degree of convergence between the scales Emotional Exhaustion of IBD-R and Emotional and Physical Exhaustion of the ABQ. The scale Reduced Accomplishment (with the same name in the two instruments) shows a degree of convergence lower than expected and the scales of Depersonalization of IBD-R and Devaluation of the Sport Practice of the ABQ barely show relationship. Theoretical and psychometric dissonances observed make us think about the future development of a model that integrates the components of the burnout not converging in a single instrument.

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