NATIONAL IDENTITY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SOCIAL INTEGRATION AND PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
The current study aimed to reveal the relationship between national identity, social inclusion, and personal responsibility among university students and identify the differences between these variables according to a number of independent variables. The study sample consisted of 408 male and female students from a number of universities.
The results of the study show that the level of social integration, personal responsibility, and national identity was to an average degree among the target study group, and that the presence of direct impact paths was statistically significant at the level of significance (0.01) between the scale of social integration, personal responsibility, and national identity and the impact of the demographic variables of age, gender, and social media on these variables, where there was a direct positive and statistically significant effect of all variables. The coefficient of R squared was 0.058 and the value of ANOVA (f) was 8.29, which were statistically significant at <.001. Furthermore, the results show the possibility of predicting the independent variables of personal responsibility, where the value of variance (F) was 12.8, the coefficient of interpretation of variance (R squared) was 0.086, the value of variance (F) of the predictability of national identity was 2.90, and the coefficient of interpretation of variance (R squared) was 0.0211. There were differences in the study variables (social integration, personal responsibility, and national identity) for gender, age, and social media, while there were no differences according to the interaction between these variables. There were statistically significant differences for sex regarding the three study variables (social integration, personal responsibility), and there were no differences in national identity. Moreover, there were no differences in each of social integration and personal responsibility regarding the interaction of sex with age, while differences were found in national identity according to the interaction between age and genderHTML PDF
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