Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

RESILIENCE, OPTIMISM AND BURNOUT IN COMPETITIVE JUDOKAS IN URUGUAY

Abstract

Cristina Reche García, Verónica Tutte Vallarino, y Francisco J. Ortín Montero

There are few resilience studies in sportive context, being this process corresponds to an optimum psychological performance in athletes and represents a characteristic of the positive personality that favours his adaptation tackled in an efficient way the adversities. The analysis of the resilience, optimism and burnout can establish new contributions. The aim of this study was to describe these constructs in judokas. They were evaluated 45 athletes (9 women and 36 men; age: M = 19.95, SD = 5.34). The results show that 38% of judokas present a high resilience, with a significant and negative relation with symptoms of burnout, related with low optimism. It establishes the Resilience Scale (Ruíz, Of the Vega, Poveda, Rosado and Serpa, 2012) as reliable and concludes that resilience associated to optimism protects of symptoms of burnout. This work facilitates the elaboration of strategies for intervening for the attainment of a sportive optimum performance.

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