Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

The Effect of Using A Self-Organized Learning Strategy With Guided And Independent Practice on Acquiring The Skillful Performance of Freestyle Swimming for Ages (10-14) Years


Firas Ajeel Yauer and Dania Salman Alfarage*

Self-organized learners' behavior is purposeful and has a high degree of persistence. They make plans, set goals, and self-assess performance in the various stages of learning, and they can manage their learning efficiently and self-effectively, have internal motivation, and work to prepare an educational environment that stimulates learning to the maximum possible degree, And due to the lack of use of modern strategies in the educational process, especially in the cognitive aspect of the skill and the process of linking previous information and benefiting from previous experiences in the possibility of enhancing it through urging learners to work and stimulate mental processes among learners and take into account the tendencies and desires of learners, Especially since the skill of swimming is one of the difficult skills and needs many neuromuscular compatibility, as well as that it is practiced in a different environment than the natural one, that differs from other activities. The learning of freestyle swimming movements for the learners is one of the problems that swimming teacher’s faces because of the difficulty in making the learners understand to keep their bodies afloat during the backward movement of the arms, and their intense fear of new surroundings. As for the research methodology, the researchers adopted the experimental method for its suitability to the nature of the study. The research sample also included (12) learners who were randomly selected from the original community of (24) learners. The researchers took into account the homogeneity and equivalence of the sample. The sample was chosen from among the learners participating in the swimming educational courses at the Specialized Swimming School for the year 2019, in Al-Shaeb closed Olympic swimming pool, and their ages ranged from (10-14) years and from males only, the two researchers sought to homogeneity of the sample, as an increase in accuracy in order to obtain good results. The two researchers reached the results and the findings were presented and discussed. The researchers used the statistical program ( 21) to analyze the data regarding an error rate (0.05) for the independent samples, and the value of t was calculated in the skill of the body position (2,676) and the skill of legs strikes (3,445) and the skill of arms strikes ( 5,576) breathing skill (2,789) and compatibility skill (1,276). The researchers concluded that the self-organized learning strategy through guided and independent practice has a positive effect in teaching children free swimming and that it helps learners develop their cognitive and skill abilities.


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