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The effect of using the electronic participatory learning strategy according to the web programs in learning some basic skills of basketball for first-grade intermediate school students according to the curricular course

Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

Research - (2021) Volume 16, Issue 3

The effect of using the electronic participatory learning strategy according to the web programs in learning some basic skills of basketball for first-grade intermediate school students according to the curricular course

Thaer Karmajouna1, Maitham Saadi Ali2* and Watheq Mohammed Hussein Albosharqi3
*Correspondence: Maitham Saadi Ali, College of Administration and Economics, University of Baghdad, Iraq, Email:
1Faculty of mass communication, university of Baghdad, Iraq
2College of Administration and Economics, University of Baghdad, Iraq
3Sumer intermediate School for Boys, First General Directorate of Education in Baghdad, Al-Karkh, Iraq

Abstract

The research aims to identify the impact of using the electronic participatory learning strategy according to internet programs in learning some basic basketball skills for middle first graders according to the curricular course, and the sample of research was selected in the deliberate way of students The first stage of intermediate school.As for the problem of research, the researchers said that there is a weakness in the levels of school students in terms of teaching basketball skills, which prompted the researchers to create appropriate solutions by using a participatory learning strategy.The researchers imposed statistically significant differences between pre and post-test tests, in favor of the post tests individually and in favor of the electronic participatory learning strategy in learning some basic skills in basketball. One of the most important conclusions and recommendations made by the researchers are using the e-participatory learning strategy has shown improvement in basketball skills learning and directing the attention of teachers and trainers in the field of sports using the e-participatory learning strategy as a means of learning basic basketball skills.

Keywords

E-Participatory ,Learning Strategy, Key Skills, Intermediate school, basket ball

Introduction

Education is one of the fundamental pillars that play an important role in the advancement and development of peoples because it has a positive and comprehensive impact on the upbringing of a new generation on a modern and advanced scientific basis, and scientific progress has added many means that have enabled the teacher to create experience and prepare them with a high degree of competence. Its responsibility is not limited to personal experience, explanation and presentation, but rather to design strategies that include the method of education and its techniques and the use of modern educational technological means and innovations in achieving effective education.The follower of the educational process recently finds that the world is moving forward in the application of modern technology in education, whether in schools or universities, as the world is witnessing a technological revolution in all fields, which make it very difficult to catch up with it, the modern variables take us from innovation to another innovation, and from application to another one, which increases the gap between us and the developed world expanding in the use and application of technology and it became clear that those who possess scientific competence have the highest priority, which makes it imperative that we race time and redouble efforts to raise the level of students and raise the level of learners with new field experiences by increasing their motivation for learning and making them more involved and participating in the educational process.

The strategy of e-participatory learning is an educational curriculum based on the participation of both the teacher and the student in the performance of the educational process, i.e. it does not depend on the teacher as the first and last source of information and does not depend on a small group of students alone, but depends on activating all students with all their mental abilities and the study that is discovered and transferred by the student.

This is if they are properly built and Internet tools employ optimal recruitment to serve the Participatory learning environment. Ibrahim Al-Far believes that "Participatory learning is a modern educational trend, corresponding to learning between teacher and student through teacher, educational television or textbook in traditional learning patterns, or through educational software and multimedia discs," integrated in modern learning style". The Internet added that a large number of learning peers could be involved in a positive and organized educational environment, with the participation of students and teachers in the targeted study. (Haken,M,2006, )

The e-learning environment and the Internet are also fertile ground for effective participatory learning strategy environment growth and development, providing social aspects of participatory learning through some available participatory tools that can be exploited and applied in the light of participatory learning. This type of learning is based on the exchange of information between a group of learners who jointly formulate discussions or reorganize materials or concepts, and through the formation and formulation of the ideas of the learners with their own thoughts and opinions, as well as receiving returns and evaluation through their partners in the team. Gewertz, Catherine (2012).

Research problem

The educational process has been challengingly difficult in trying to keep up with the developments of the era, as the student has a large number of learning sources and schools and universities have become witnessing strong competition between them and these other sources to attract the attention of the student, The diversification of educational material, learning styles, the introduction of educational means and modern technologies has become an imperative to keep up with modern technological developments such as the Internet, computer, video games and mobile phones. So we must keep up with the change around us so that our educational institutions do not come out of the circle of influence and remain the student's priority, and are interested in learning and providing school content in a contemporary way that meets the needs, trends and interests of students.

The researchers noted the lesson of sports education, especially basketball in middle school, which needs more attention in diversifying its teaching methods in order to provide the student with as much experience as possible and in a way that ensures maximum interaction and participation of the student and motivation, and for the purpose of increasing the effectiveness of education and investing time and effort and utilization of electronic innovations and new features, which reflects positively on the requirements of teaching basketball skill, so the researchers decided to conduct a study through which electronic programs are employed as an educational assistant to teach some basketball skills, which work to engage the student and give him A more positive role in the interaction during learning to be the focus of the educational process rather than its role as a recipient and listener only.

Using the e-participatory learning strategy in accordance with internet programs) in learning some basic basketball skills for middle first graders in accordance with the courses the curriculum.

Research hypothesis

There are statistically significant differences between pre- and post-test and in favor of post-test learning some basic basketball skills.

Research fields:

Human field: Middle School Students

Temporal field: 20/10/2019--22/12/2019

Spatial field: The external courtyard of the Motwaseta El-Zahawyfor boys.

Method and tools:

The research community is the individuals or units that will study all their characteristics or withdraw their sample is genuinely represented, and the more the researchers based their choice of sample of his research on the sound scientific basis, the more satisfactory results Marwan Abdul Majid Ibrahim (2002), and therefore the available possibilities were reviewed. And the circumstances surrounding the research requirements and the research community and sample of the research were identified by the following steps:

-The research community was selected in the deliberate way and they are the students of the first stage / Motwaseta El-Zahawy for boys for the 2018- 2019 academic year and the number of (120) students by (4) divisions for the following reasons:

The first stage curriculum contains the subject of basketball as one of the practical lessons in which the skills of basketball are taught in the course of research in accordance with the method prepared by the Department of first Al-Rasafa class Education.

- The research sample, whose number is (20) students, and who are studying for the academic year 2018-2019 in the first intermediate stage, in being randomly selected and after excluding the failed and deferred to be (20) students of the research sample.

-Methods of data collection

-Arab and foreign sources.

-Personal interviewing.

-Tests and measurements.

-Basketballs (10)

-Pillars

-Stopwatch

-Whistle (2)

-Data show

- 30-inch TV

- Design a site in the YouTube program

- Measuring bar

- Duct tape

- Test results scoring form

Field research procedures

Chest Handling Test: (Mohamed Mahmoud Abdel Dayem, Mohamed Sobhy Hassanein, 1999)

Test purpose: To measure a student's ability to perform thoracic handling and reception.

Tools used: flat ground, smooth and flat wall, stopwatch, basketball.

Performance specifications: The player stands behind a line drawn on the ground and a distance of (270 cm) from the wall. Upon hearing the signal, the student handles the ball to the wall and receives it, as (10) attempts are made.

Conditions:

- All the handling must be performed from behind the line on the ground.

- It is not allowed to hit the ball after it bounces from the wall, as it must be received and then re-handled.

-In the event that the ball falls to the ground during the performance, the tester will re-acquire the ball and continue to perform from behind the line, only the correct handling that is routed from the tester to the wall and then directly to the tester without touching the ball to the ground.

- The tester is allowed two attempts on the test, to be counted as the best.

Scoring: The resident evaluates the student's performance from the moment the ball touches the wall in the first successful handling until the ball touches the wall at the last attempt and then the expert gives a score to each of the movements of the technical performance of the skill and according to the form prepared.

Scoring test of stability (Mohammed Mahmoud Abdul Dayem, Mohammed Sobhi Hassanein, 1999)

The purpose of the test: Scoring measurement of stability.

The necessary tools: basketball court, basketball goal, basketball.

Number of attempts: The player is pointing the ball on the basket three groups each group of (5) consecutive aiming from the middle of the free throw field and on both sides and gives each player one suitable period between each group and the other.

Calculating points: Two degrees are calculated for each basketball, one score per ball that touches the ring and to enter the tester degrees are equal to the total points that are gotten in the 15 attempts, knowing that the maximum score is 30 degrees..

Applied : (Time is 20 minutes)

Conclusions

The experimental method was used for its suitability and the nature of the research, and consisted of 10 students for Motwaset Al-Zahawy School for Boys in Baghdad and through the results of the research the researchers reached some of the conclusions related to the teaching of some basic skills basketball, namely that the use of collaborative electronic learning was A positive impact on the teaching of some basic basketball skills and the e-participatory learning strategy has been instrumental in developing the level of learning of some basic basketball skills among students.

Referencias

Ahmed Mohamed Fahmy Yusuf (2008). The impact of simultaneous and asynchronous communication on collaborative web learning on the development of online communication skills among students of learning technology.Unpublished Master's Thesis, Ain Shams University, Cairo.

Hamad bin Khalid al-Khalidi (2007). The role of local and global computer networks in promoting collaborative learning (suggested scenario). Qatar Arab Education Future, (46), 95.

Dalia Khairi Omar Hobeishi (2009). Employing participatory e-learning in the development of field training among students of the Computer Teacher Preparation Division of quality education colleges.Master's Thesis, Mansoura University, Faculty of Quality Education.

Doaa Mohammed Labib Ibrahim Labib (2007). An electronic strategy for participatory learning in the computer operation problems course on cognitive achievement, the trends towards it for the students of the general diploma in education, an educational computer division.Unpublished PhD, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Zainab Mohammed Hassan Khalifa (2009, May). The impact of interactive multimedia learning and online sharing e-learning in the use of photopresentations for affiliated students at the Faculty of Education for Girls, King Faisal University in Al-Hasa. Paper presented to a conference entitled "Education Technology and The Education of Arab Children". Arab Association for Educational Technologies.

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Mohammed Mahmoud Abdul Dayem, Mohammed Sobhi Hassanein, (1999): Modern basketball, scientific and applied foundations - education- training - measurement - selection - law, DaarAl-Fe;r Al-Araby, i2 

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Haken,m.(2006).Closing the loop - learning from assessment. Presentation made at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore Assessment Workshop . Princess Anne:MD.

Krebs, M., Ludwig, M.& Müller, W. (2010, May 6). Learning Mathematics using a wiki.Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2(2), 1469-1476. Retrieved January 16, 2011

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