Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

ANALYSIS OF PREFERENCES OF SOCIAL INTERACTION ON PHYSICAL EDUCATION OF GALICIAN STUDENTS ACCORDING TO AGE, EDUCATIONAL STAGE AND GENDER

Abstract

Rubén Navarro-Patón, Miguel Cons-Ferreiro, Cesar Díaz-Liz, Catalina Gili-Roig

The aim of this research was determining social interaction preferences of Primary and Secondary Education students in physical education according to educational stage, age and gender. The sample consisted of a total of 597 students from 9 to 16 years old, of whom 256 were Primary Education and 341 of Secondary Education; 301 were boys (50.4%) and 295 were girls (49.6%). The data collection was conducted through to the Graupera/Ruiz scale of social interaction preferences in Physical Education (GR-SIPPEL). The results obtained showed significant statistical differences in the stage factor in cooperativity (p < .001), competitiveness (p < .001), individualism (p < .001) and affiliation (p < .001). Regarding gender, there were statistically significant differences between boys and girls in competitiveness (p < .001) in individualism (p < .001) and in affiliation (p = .031) being higher in boys than girls. Schoolchildren have a greater preference for cooperation and affiliation in Primary Education, being higher in girls and for competition and individualism in Secondary Education, being higher in boys.

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