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Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

CORE STABILITY EXERCISES VERSUS BIODEX BALANCE TRAINING ON PATIENTS WITH MECHANICAL LOW BACK PAIN

Abstract

Maha G. Ibrahim*, Dina Othman Shokri Morsi Galal, Karim Sami ELSaharty, Ghada R Dabash, Ahmed Magdy Alshimy, Amira E. M. Abd El Hay

Objectives: To compare the impact of core stability exercises versus Biodex balance training on postural stability and sway among patients suffering from mechanical low back pain.

Methods: The study was conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Modern University for Technology and Information, between March and June 2023. This randomized, double?blind, pre?post measurement study included forty-eight patients have been participated in this study and divided into three groups, Group A (control group) (n = 18) were given stretching as well as strengthening exercises. Group B (n = 18) were given core stability exercises plus stretching as well as strengthening exercises. Group C (n = 18) were given Biodex balance training (limit of stability, maze, and random control modes training) plus stretching as well as strengthening exercises. The Biodex Balance System were utilized to quantify dynamic balance indices at baseline and six weeks following therapy. Statistical analysis among groups for eye open firm, eye closed firm, eye open foam, and eye closed foam revealed from the Modified clinical test of sensory interaction and balance which were the main outcome indicator.

Results: The Within-Group analysis revealed substantial differences regarding postural stability as well as control of postural sway for groups B and C, both prior to and following the treatment program (p value < 0.05). The between-group analysis revealed statistically substantial variations across all variables following the therapy, with Group C exhibiting further pronounced differences compared to Groups A and B (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Enhancement in all measures of dynamic balance was shown following core stability training activities and Biodex balance training, with a greater degree of improvement seen after Biodex balance training.

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