Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

Empathy and its relationship to personal influence among futsal coaches in Iraq


Aseel Naji Fahd

The purpose of this paper is to build and rationing the measures of empathy and personal influence, as well as to identify the correlation between empathy and personal influence among futsal football coaches in Iraq, and to achieve this goal, the research community of futsal football coaches in Iraq was selected, and the research sample, which consisted of (74) was chosen. A futsal coach in Iraq for the year (2022-2023). The researcher built two measures of personal influence, which consisted of (32) items in its final form, and empathy, which consisted of (28) items in its final form. Each measure consisted of five alternatives to answer the items. The scale is given grades (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5), then the paragraphs of the scales were analyzed logically and statistically to calculate their discriminatory abilities and their validity coefficients in two ways: virtual validity and constructive validity of the scales. The stability of the scales was calculated using the re-test method (split-half) and finding the grades and standard levels for them after applying the standards on the research sample, and after processing the data statistically, the researcher reached the results of the research, which are the enjoyment of futsal coaches in Iraq with emotional empathy and personal influence. According to the findings, the researcher recommended a set of recommendations and proposals in line with the research.


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