Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

PRATICAR NATAÇÃO É UMA PAIXÃO OU UM SACRIFÍCIO? ESTUDO DA RELAÇÃO ENTRE O TIPO DE PAIXÃO QUE O ATLETA SENTE PELA MODALIDADE E A SUA ORIENTAÇÃO MOTIVACIONAL

Abstract

Luís Cid & Hugo Louro

The main propose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the type of passion (harmonious or obsessive) and goal orientation (ego or task) of swimming athletes. For such propose, participated in this study 46 swimmers (n = 46) of both genders (15 female, 31 male), aged between 14 and 17 years old (M=15.2; SD=1.0), participating in national and regional competitions at several levels (junior and senior). To accomplish that, we used the Portuguese versions of the following scales: Passion Scale (PS) and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ). The main results showed a significant positive correlation between harmonious passion and goal orientation to task (r=0.52; p=0.000) and between obsessive passion and goal orientation to ego (r=0.29; p=0.049). Moreover, there was also a significant positive correlation between obsessive passion and goal orientation to task (r=0.39; p=0.008), which can be justified by the strong correlation between the two types of passion (r=0.60; p=0.000). These results show that athletes practice swimming by the pleasure that they feel and not by internal pressures. However, the moderate values found in the obsessive passion and goal orientation to ego, can lead to the existence of some latent feelings of sacrifice by their sport.

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