Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

PREDICTOR VARIABLES TO TRAINING DEPENDENCE IN SPANISH AND MEXICAN LONG DISTANCE ROUTE RUNNERS

Abstract

Antonio Zarauz Sancho, Francisco Ruiz Juan, Félix Arbinaga Ibarzábal, Gabriel Flores Allende

The analysis of the dependence people have towards exercise has been specially relevant over the past years, due to the increase of the population that has begun practicing exercise and the severe consequences that come from practicing it. This is why it´s primarily necessary to define and determine which variables or constructs can be useful in order to predict the dependence towards exercise. 1795 long distance runners en route participated (1105 Spanish runners and 690 Mexican runners). 85.65% of these runners were men with an average age of 38.98 (SD = 10.45), and 14.35% of these runners were women, with an average age of 37.88 (SD = 9.80). The data collection was accomplished thanks to the adaption to Spanish of the Motivations of Marathoners Scales (MOMS-34), the Commitment to Running Scale-11 (CR-11) the Revised Competitive State of Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2R), the Running Addiction Scale (RAS-8) and the Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ). This data collection has shown that the Mexicans, in comparison to the group of Spanish runners, got a higher score in every sub-scale of MOMS-34, CR-11, POSQ Scales and in the Self-confidence sub-scale of the CSAI- 2R Scale. But a lower score in Somatic Anxiety, however the score hasn´t shown much difference in the Cognitive Anxiety sub-scale. The indicator models turned out to be very similar in both nationalities, but differed regarding genders, obtaining high explanatory variance rates.

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