Ibero-American Journal of Exercise and Sports Psychology

Social-kinetic Cohesion and its Relationship to Goal Direction with its two Dimensions (Performance and Result) for Advanced Handball Players in Iraq


Muhammad Hamza Shihab* and Nuha Mohsin Dhahi

In this research, the problem lies in the researchers ’observation of local, regional and international handball matches. They found that handball teams must have a social-movement cohesion that guarantees them the unity of the team socially and dynamically so that they can work together coherently. All aspects that the team goes through before and during matches, including the psychological pressures that the player is exposed to and affects the level and capabilities of his performance, as well as knowledge of the players' achievement goal directions. The researchers used the descriptive approach in the survey method and the correlational relations for its suitability to the nature of the research. The research sample was represented by a group of 120 players from the first class handball clubs for the 2019 sports season, representing 9 clubs. The purpose of identifying the research variables, social cohesion and movement and the goal orientation in its two dimensions (performance and outcome), the two researchers used the following research tools: the socio-kinetic cohesion scale, and the goal orientation scale. The results of the research showed a positive relationship between social cohesion and performance and the existence of an inverse relationship between social cohesion and the outcome.


Share this article