The Effectiveness of an Educational Program Using the Eisenkraft Model in the Accuracy of Serving and Spiking In Volleyball for Students...
Ihsan Qaddoori Ameen* and Mutasim Abdul Karim Fadhil
The sport of volleyball is one of the basic subjects that are taught in the faculties of physical education and sports sciences for both genders, as it requires a special technique that combines the motor path and high fluidity with physical effort to reach good skilful performance, And through the presence of researchers in the field of teaching and their interest in the sport of volleyball and their viewing of most of the practical lessons for students of the second stage, they noticed the difficulty of performance, poor fluidity, and the inability to link the stages of skill in a correct way, which affected their technical level, All these observations called for the researchers to find solutions to these problems, which lie in preparing an educational program built according to seven steps of the Eisenkraft model, aiming at mastering the motor path and increasing the flow and correct timing between the tool (the ball) and the student in order to reach good performance and perfect accuracy for the skills of serving and spiking in volleyball. The most important objectives of the research were to prepare an educational program using the Eisenkraft model in the accuracy of serving and spiking in volleyball for students, and Knowing the effectiveness of the educational program prepared according to the Eisenkraft model in the accuracy of serving and spiking in volleyball for students, and knowing which is better in the post-tests between the educational program according to the Eisenkraft model and the program that the teacher follows in the accuracy of serving and spiking in volleyball for students. The research community consisted of students of the second stage for the academic year 2022-2023 AD. The research sample represented the classes (A and B), 20 students were selected randomly, and then they were divided into two groups, 10 student’s experimental group and 10 students control group. The most important conclusions were that the educational program according to the Eisenkraft model had an effective and essential role in the development of the experimental group members in the accuracy of serving and diagonal spiking for students, and the members of the experimental group outperformed the control group in the accuracy of serving and diagonal spiking in volleyball. The most important recommendations are the adoption of the educational program in teaching basic skills in volleyball and interest in using educational models, including the Eisenkraft model in teaching basic skills in volleyball.HTML PDF
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