Ethical Leadership and Its Characteristics in Iraqi Health Institutions
Hussein Alerahime*, Hasan Zarei Mateen, Abdullah Tavakoli and Ali Taghi Amiry
This study aims to identify the understanding of the ethical leadership model and its characteristics in the Iraqi health institutions, its manifestation and its role in enhancing the quality of Iraqi health services through the application of the qualitative approach to scientific research or what is known as the “Grantory” theory, (G.T), as the analytical explanatory approach was used, which is considered one of Sections of the theory rooted in scientific research to correspond with the interviews conducted with a number of employees and managers from the advanced cadre in the Iraqi Ministry of Health, which amounted to (fifteen interviewees), in order to reach an understanding of the ethical leadership model and its characteristics in those institutions and determine the understanding of the problem and access to the required data Through the research sample, which was chosen in an unorganized manner closer to random from a selection of department managers and advanced staff of the Iraqi Ministry of Health and its affiliated institutions, the interview data were also analyzed separately and given symbols and codes that express those concepts that are related to the concept of ethical leadership in that ministry And then finding the common dimensions among those components, as it reached two main dimensions, the first dimension expresses the personal factors of moral leadership As for the second dimension, it is directly related to the factors that stop ethical leadership within Iraqi health institutions.
Among what has been reached is a set of characteristics and components, represented by five main components and characteristics, which are integrity, transparency and responsibility for ethical leadership, values and customs, regulations and laws, and the public interest, which is directly related to and linked to the concept of ethical leadership of the health institutions of the Iraqi Ministry of Health and its affiliated institutions, as shown The results in these institutions are the existence of weakness and a decline in applying the process of understanding ethical leadership and the methods of following it in those institutions affiliated with the Iraqi Ministry of Health, which resulted in many problems that are related to the process of administrative corruption and the moral, behavioral, as well as cultural deviation of many workers in that ministry, so it requires serious pause Among those concerned and responsible for that important and sensitive file is to address these deviations and remove deviant behaviors from that ministry because of its direct importance on the lives of individuals from the sons of Iraqi society and the consolidation of correct moral values upon which the concepts of moral leadership of successful institutions are built in the process of providing various services to Iraqi society.
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